One of the most important women’s health care issues that are confronting us today is sexual health. Most of the women are either unaware or seems to ignore the whole issue altogether. Sexual health is very important both for non-pregnant women as well as pregnant women. In many societies including the developed ones, openly discussing these problems is still considered taboo. But this is not a healthy sign, especially considering the fact that today girls are becoming sexually active at the age of 13 or 14. At this age, they need to take proper care of their bodies by understanding its basic nature so that they can understand and take precautionary measures if anything is going wrong with the body.
A common understanding amongst people is that a gynecologist is a doctor who treats women during pregnancy and childbirth. But in reality, it is Obstetrics which is a specialty of medicine that deals with pregnancy and childbirth and is also closely associated with gynecology. While obstetrics deals with pregnancy and childbirth, gynecology is a specialty of medicine which deals with the diseases, disorders and the treatment of female reproductive organs.
The field of obstetrics and gynecology is centered on conditions and disorders that affect a woman’s reproductive system. While most obstetricians are focused on the care of mother and child during pregnancy, both gynecology and obstetrics are closely related. The following highlights common conditions that an obstetrics and gynecology doctor will typically treat.
Endometriosis is a common condition that results in the growth of uterine tissue outside of the uterus. It typically affects the fallopian tubes, bladder, ovaries and intestines. Painful, heavy periods, spotting, diarrhea, constipation and stomach pain are the primary symptoms of endometriosis. Doctors of gynecology or obstetrics can treat this condition in numerous ways, including hormonal therapies and contraceptives, pain medications and possibly surgery in severe cases.
Infertility becomes an issue when a couple has been having unprotected sex for at least one year and have been unable to conceive. An irregularity with both partners or a single partner can cause problems with fertility, which can lead to an extensive process during diagnosis. Treatments for female infertility can range from medications that stimulate or regulate ovulation, surgery on the fallopian tubes and in vitro fertilization.
Vaginal yeast infections are exceptionally common, with as many as three out of four women experiencing one at some point in their lives. Candida is the fungus that causes yeast infections. While this microorganism is normally found in the vagina, yeast infections occur when there is a lack of balance between yeast and bacteria. Itching, burning, soreness and a white, odorless discharge are the main symptoms of a yeast infection. Treatment with an antifungal medication is the most effective treatment for a yeast infection.
Whether it is the occasional leaking of urine or loss of bladder control that occurs more frequently, women over the age of 50 are likely to experience urinary incontinence. This can occur for a variety of reasons, including medications, childbirth, illness or a change in body function. Bladder training, managing fluids, strengthening pelvic floor muscles, medications and surgery are a few of the most typical treatments for urinary incontinence.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Doctors of obstetrics and gynecology also frequently treat polycystic ovary syndrome, which is the most commonly seen hormonal disorder amongst women in their reproductive years. This disorder is characterized by enlarged ovaries that contain a multitude of small cysts. An irregular menstrual cycle, excessive body hair and facial hair, acne and obesity are the main symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome. Treatments for this condition will vary and can include medication to stimulate ovulation and regulate the menstrual cycle, exercise, surgery and medications to lower androgen production.
A woman’s body is much more complex compared to a man’s body. Women need to go for regular checkups to ensure that they are healthy. Most gynecologists define obstetrics and gynecology as the medical, surgical specialties that are related to the reproductive organs of the female in the pregnant and non-pregnant state. Most obstetrics and gynecology problems begin to show after the age of 18. Most women are advised by an Obgyne to go for regular checkups after the cross the age of 18 or from the onset of your first menstrual cycle.